Birds of Brent Reservoir

Set out below is a comprehensive list of the birds recorded at Brent Reservoir. More detailed information can be found in the WHCG publications ‘Birds of Brent Reservoir‘ (2002), updated in Birds of Brent Reservoir: Facts & Figures’ (3rd edition, 2017).

Key to status

Very common: seen on every visit, abundant
Common: regularly seen in the appropriate season
Uncommon: seen annually, irregular
Near annual: seen most years
Scarce: 15+ records
Rare: 6-15 records/birds
Very rare: 1-5 records/birds
Breeding: breeds annually
Former breeder: has bred since 1900 but not currently breeding
Historical breeder: last bred before 1900
Breeding attempted: incomplete or unsuccessful breeding attempt

Systematic list

  1. Mute Swan Cygnus olor
    Common breeding resident
  2. Bewick’s Swan Cygnus columbianus
    Rare winter visitor
  3. Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus
    Rare winter visitor
  4. Pink-footed Goose Anser branchyrhyncus
    Very rare winter visitor
  5. White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons
    Rare winter visitor
  6. Greylag Goose Anser anser
    Uncommon visitor, increasing
  7. Brent Goose Branta bernicla
    Rare winter visitor 
  8. Canada Goose Anser canadensis
    Common breeding resident
  9. Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiaca
    Uncommon visitor, increasing
  10. Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
    Uncommon visitor
  11. Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata
    Scarce visitor
  12. Wigeon Anas penelope
    Uncommon autumn/winter visitor
  13. Gadwall Anas strepera
    Common breeding resident
  14. Teal Anas crecca
    Common winter visitor, occasionally over-summers; bred once
  15. Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
    Common breeding resident
  16. Pintail Anas acuta
    Uncommon winter visitor, occasionally in summer
  17. Garganey Anas querquedula
    Near annual summer visitor, overwintered once
  18. Blue-winged Teal Anas discors
    Very rare vagrant
  19. Shoveler Anas clypeata
    Common autumn/winter visitor, occasionally breeds
  20. Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
    Scarce visitor
  21. Pochard Aythya ferina
    Common winter visitor, occasionally breeds
  22. Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris
    Very rare visitor
  23. Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
    Very rare visitor
  24. Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
    Common breeding resident
  25. Scaup Aythya marila
    Near annual winter visitor
  26. Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis
    Very rare vagrant
  27. Eider Somateria mollissima
    Very rare winter visitor
  28. Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis
    Very rare winter visitor
  29. Common Scoter Melanitta nigra
    Scarce visitor
  30. Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca
    Rare winter visitor
  31. Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
    Near annual winter visitor
  32. Smew Mergus albellus
    Scarce winter visitor
  33. Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator
    Scarce winter visitor
  34. Goosander Mergus merganser
    Near annual winter visitor
  35. Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis
    Former common breeding resident; possibly extinct after national cull
  36. Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa
    Rare visitor
  37. Grey Partridge Perdix perdix
    Rare visitor, former breeder
  38. Quail Coturnix coturnix
    Very rare summer visitor
  39. Pheasant Phasianus colchicus
    Near annual visitor, mostly in spring
  40. Red-throated Diver Gavia stellata
    Very rare winter visitor
  41. Black-throated Diver Gavia arctica
    Very rare winter visitor
  42. Great Northern Diver Gavia immer
    Very rare winter visitor
  43. Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
    Common breeding resident
  44. Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
    Common breeding resident
  45. Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena
    Rare winter visitor
  46. Slavonian Grebe Podiceps auritus
    Scarce winter visitor
  47. Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis
    Near annual visitor
  48. Leach’s Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa
    Very rare autumn/winter visitor
  49. Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
    Common resident; breeding attempted
  50. Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis
    Scarce visitor
  51. Bittern Botaurus stellaris
    Rare winter visitor
  52. Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus
    Very rare vagrant
  53. Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
    Very rare vagrant
  54. Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides
    Very rare vagrant
  55. Little Egret Egretta garzetta
    Uncommon visitor, increasing
  56. Great White Egret Ardea alba
    Very rare visitor
  57. Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
    Common resident; breeding attempted
  58. Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
    Very rare vagrant
  59. White Stork Ciconia ciconia
    Very rare vagrant
  60. Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
    Rare vagrant
  61. Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus
    Rare passage migrant
  62. Red Kite Milvus milvus
    Annual visitor, mainly in spring
  63. Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
    Rare passage migrant
  64. Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus
    Very rare winter visitor
  65. Montagu’s Harrier Circus pygargus
    Very rare passage migrant
  66. Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
    Very rare visitor
  67. Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
    Common breeding resident
  68. Common Buzzard Buteo buteo
    Annual visitor, increasing
  69. Osprey Pandion haliaetus
    Rare passage migrant
  70. Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
    Uncommon resident; former breeder
  71. Merlin Falco columbarius
    Rare passage migrant/winter visitor
  72. Hobby Falco subbuteo
    Uncommon summer visitor
  73. Peregrine Falco peregrinus
    Uncommon visitor
  74. Water Rail Rallus aquaticus
    Common winter visitor
  75. Spotted Crake Porzana porzana
    Rare passage migrant
  76. Corncrake Crex crex
    Historic breeder
  77. Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
    Common breeding resident
  78. Coot Fulica atra
    Common breeding resident
  79. Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
    Uncommon visitor
  80. Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
    Very rare vagrant
  81. Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
    Rare passage migrant
  82. Stone-Curlew Burhinus oedicnemus
    Very rare passage migrant
  83. Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
    Common summer visitor; occasionally breeds
  84. Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
    Near annual passage migrant
  85. Dotterel Charadrius morinellus
    Very rare passage migrant (record to be reviewed)
  86. Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria
    Scarce winter visitor
  87. Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
    Scarce passage migrant/winter visitor
  88. Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
    Common resident; historic breeder, breeding attempted recently
  89. Knot Calidris canutus
    Scarce passage migrant/winter visitor
  90. Sanderling Calidris alba
    Scarce passage migrant, very rare winter visitor
  91. Little Stint Calidris minuta
    Scarce passage migrant
  92. Temminck’s Stint Calidris temminckii
    Scarce passage migrant
  93. White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis
    Very rare vagrant
  94. Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos
    Very rare vagrant
  95. Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
    Scarce passage migrant
  96. Dunlin Calidris alpina
    Annual passage migrant, scarce winter visitor
  97. Ruff Philomachus pugnax
    Scarce passage migrant
  98. Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus
    Near annual winter visitor
  99. Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
    Common winter visitor
  100. Great Snipe Gallinago media
    Very rare vagrant
  101. Woodcock Scolopax rusticola
    Annual winter visitor, passage migrant
  102. Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
    Scarce passage migrant
  103. Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
    Scarce passage migrant
  104. Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
    Near annual passage migrant
  105. Curlew Numenius arquata
    Near annual visitor
  106. Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
    Common passage migrant
  107. Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius
    Very rare vagrant
  108. Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
    Common passage migrant; uncommon winter visitor
  109. Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
    Rare passage migrant
  110. Greenshank Tringa nebularia
    Annual passage migrant
  111. Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
    Scarce passage migrant
  112. Redshank Tringa totanus
    Uncommon visitor
  113. Turnstone Arenaria interpres
    Scarce passage migrant; very rare winter visitor
  114. Grey Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius
    Rare autumn passage migrant
  115. Pomarine Skua Stercorarius pomarinus
    Very rare passage migrant
  116. Arctic Skua Stercorarius parasiticus
    Rare autumn migrant
  117. Great Skua Stercorarius skua
    Very rare passage migrant
  118. Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla
    Scarce visitor
  119. Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
    Common winter visitor
  120. Little Gull Larus minutus
    Near annual visitor
  121. Mediteranean Gull Larus melanocephalus
    Uncommon winter visitor
  122. Common Gull Larus canus
    Common winter visitor
  123. Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis
    Very rare vagrant
  124. Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus
    Common breeding resident
  125. Herring Gull Larus argentatus
    Common resident; breeds occasionally
  126. Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis
    Near annual visitor
  127. Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans
    Very rare visitor
  128. Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides
    Very rare winter visitor
  129. Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus
    Rare winter visitor
  130. Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus
    Uncommon visitor
  131. Little Tern Sterna albifrons
    Scarce passage migrant
  132. Black Tern Chlidonias niger
    Near annual passage migrant
  133. White-winged Black Tern Chlidonias leucopterus
    Very rare vagrant
  134. Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis
    Scarce passage migrant
  135. Common Tern Sterna hirundo
    Common breeding summer visitor
  136. Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii
    Very rare passage migrant
  137. Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea
    Near annual passage migrant
  138. Pallas’s Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus
    Very rare vagrant (Record should be reviewed as may not be in recording area)
  139. Feral Rock Dove Columba livia
    Very common breeding resident
  140. Stock Dove Columba oenas
    Uncommon breeding resident and passage migrant
  141. Woodpigeon Columba palumbus
    Very common breeding resident and passage migrant
  142. Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
    Common breeding resident
  143. Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur
    Near annual passage migrant; former breeder
  144. Ring-necked Parakeet Psittacula krameri
    Common resident; presumed breeder
  145. Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
    Scarce passage migrant; former breeder
  146. Barn Owl Tyto alba
    Rare visitor; former breeder
  147. Little Owl Athene noctua
    Rare visitor; occasional breeder
  148. Tawny Owl Strix aluco
    Uncommon breeding resident
  149. Long-eared Owl Asio otus
    Rare winter visitor
  150. Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus
    Scarce passage migrant/winter visitor
  151. Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus
    Very rare passage migrant
  152. Common Swift Apus apus
    Common breeding summer visitor
  153. Alpine Swift Apus melba
    Very rare vagrant
  154. Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
    Common breeding resident
  155. Hoopoe Upupa epops
    Very rare vagrant
  156. Wryneck Jynx torquilla
    Very rare passage migrant; former breeder
  157. Green Woodpecker Picus viridis
    Common breeding resident
  158. Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major
    Common breeding resident
  159. Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor
    Near annual visitor; former breeder
  160. Woodlark Lullula arborea
    Scarce passage migrant/winter visitor
  161. Skylark Alauda arvensis
    Uncommon passage migrant/winter visitor; former breeder
  162. Sand Martin Riparia riparia
    Common passage migrant; occasional breeder
  163. Swallow Hirundo rustica
    Common passage migrant; former breeder
  164. House Martin Delichon urbicum
    Common breeding summer visitor
  165. Richard’s Pipit Anthus novaeseelandiae
    Very rare vagrant
  166. Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
    Near annual passage migrant
  167. Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis
    Common passage migrant, uncommon winter visitor; former breeder
  168. Rock Pipit Anthus petrosus
    Near annual passage migrant
  169. Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta
    Rare passage migrant
  170. Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
    Uncommon passage migrant; former breeder
    (includes records of Blue-headed Wagtail, Grey-headed Wagtail and Sykes’s Wagtail)
  171. Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
    Common breeding resident; uncommon passage migrant
  172. Pied Wagtail Motacilla alba
    Common breeding resident & passage migrant
    (includes records of White Wagtail)
  173. Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus
    Rare winter visitor
  174. Dipper Cinclus cinclus
    Very rare vagrant
  175. Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
    Very common breeding resident
  176. Dunnock Prunella modularis
    Very common breeding resident
  177. Robin Erithacus rubecula
    Very common breeding resident
  178. Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos
    Scarce passage migrant; occasional breeder
  179. Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
    Rare passage migrant
  180. Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus
    Near annual passage migrant; historic breeder
  181. Whinchat Saxicola rubetra
    Annual passage migrant; former breeder
  182. Stonechat Saxicola torquata
    Near annual passage migrant; former breeder
  183. Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
    Uncommon passage migrant
    (includes records of Greenland Wheatear)
  184. Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus
    Scarce passage migrant
  185. Blackbird Turdus merula
    Very common breeding resident, passage migrant
  186. Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
    Common winter visitor, passage migrant
  187. Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
    Common breeding resident, passage migrant
  188. Redwing Turdus iliacus
    Common winter visitor, passage migrant
  189. Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus
    Common breeding resident, passage migrant
  190. Cetti’s Warbler Cettia cetti
    Rare visitor
  191. Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia
    Scarce passage migrant; former breeder
  192. Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola
    Very rare vagrant
  193. Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
    Common breeding summer visitor
  194. Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus
    Very common breeding summer visitor
  195. Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
    Very common breeding summer visitor; scarce winter visitor
  196. Garden Warbler Sylvia borin
    Uncommon breeding summer visitor
  197. Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca
    Uncommon breeding summer visitor
  198. Common Whitethroat Sylvia communis
    Very common breeding summer visitor
  199. Dartford Warbler Sylvia undata
    Very rare visitor
  200. Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus
    Very rare vagrant
  201. Hume’s Warbler Phylloscopus humei
    Very rare vagrant
  202. Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix
    Rare passage migrant
  203. Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
    Very common breeding summer visitor, uncommon winter visitor
    (includes records of Siberian Chiffchaff)
  204. Iberian Chiffchaff Phylloscopus ibericus
    Very rare vagrant
  205. Willow Warbler hylloscopus trochilus
    Common passage migrant; former breeder
  206. Goldcrest Regulus regulus
    Uncommon breeding resident, passage migrant
  207. Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla
    Scarce winter visitor, passage migrant
  208. Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata
    Annual passage migrant; former breeder
  209. Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca
    Scarce passage migrant
  210. Bearded Tit Panurus biarmicus
    Scarce winter visitor
  211. Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus
    Very common breeding resident
  212. Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleus
    Very common breeding resident
  213. Great Tit Parus major
    Very common breeding resident
  214. Crested Tit Parus cristatus
    Very rare vagrant
  215. Coal Tit Periparus ater
    Uncommon breeding resident
  216. Willow Tit Poecile montana
    Rare visitor; former breeder
  217. Marsh Tit Poecile palustris
    Rare winter visitor
  218. Nuthatch Sitta europaea
    Scarce visitor
  219. Treecreeper Certhia familiaris
    Scarce visitor; former breeder
  220. Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinus
    Very rare vagrant
  221. Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio
    Rare passage migrant; former breeder
  222. Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor
    Rare winter visitor/passage migrant
  223. Jay Garrulus glandarius
    Common breeding resident
  224. Magpie Pica pica
    Very common breeding resident
  225. Jackdaw Corvus monedula
    Uncommon visitor, passage migrant
  226. Rook Corvus frugilegus
    Annual visitor
  227. Carrion Crow Corvus corone
    Very common breeding resident
  228. Hooded Crow Corvus cornix
    Scarce winter visitor
  229. Raven Corvus corax
    Very rare visitor
  230. Starling Sturnus vulgaris
    Common breeding resident, passage migrant
  231. House Sparrow Passer domesticus
    Common breeding resident
  232. Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
    Scarce passage migrant/winter visitor; former breeder
  233. Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
    Common breeding resident, passage migrant
  234. Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
    Near annual passage migrant; uncommon winter visitor
  235. Serin Serinus serinus
    Very rare vagrant
  236. Greenfinch Carduelis chloris
    Common breeding resident, passage migrant
  237. Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
    Common breeding resident, passage migrant
  238. Siskin Carduelis spinus
    Uncommon winter visitor, passage migrant
  239. Linnet Carduelis cannabina
    Uncommon passage migrant; former breeder
  240. Twite Carduelis flavirostris
    Scarce winter visitor, passage migrant
  241. Lesser Redpoll Carduelis cabaret
    Uncommon winter visitor, passage migrant; bred once
  242. Mealy Redpoll Carduelis flammea
    Very rare winter visitor
  243. Crossbill Loxia curvirostra
    Rare passage migrant
  244. Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula
    Uncommon breeding resident
    (includes records Northern Bullfinch)
  245. Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes
    Very rare passage migrant
  246. Lapland Bunting Calcarius lapponicus
    Very rare winter visitor/passage migrant
  247. Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis
    Scarce winter visitor/passage migrant
  248. Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella
    Scarce passage migrant/winter visitor
  249. Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus
    Very rare visitor
  250. Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana
    Very rare vagrant
  251. Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus
    Common breeding resident, uncommon passage migrant
  252. Corn Bunting Milaria calandra
    Rare visitor

References
Batten L., Beddard R., Colmans J., Self A. (editors) (2002) Birds of Brent Reservoir: The Natural History of the Welsh Harp. London: Welsh Harp Conservation Group.
Self A. (2017) Birds of Brent Reservoir: Facts & Figures (3rd edition). London: Welsh Harp Conservation Group

© Welsh Harp Conservation Group 2017