Moths of the Welsh Harp

Based on the article “Moths”,  by Andrew Self, in ‘Birds of Brent Reservoir’

The following list of moths has been collated mainly from a trap run by Andrew Self (denoted ‘Trapped’) during 1998 and 1999. The moths were trapped and released in Harp Island Close, which backs onto the reservoir dam. Other sources are the LNHS publication ‘Larger Moths of the London Area’ (denoted ‘LNHS’) and personal observations by visitors to the site. A brief statement about the status of each moth (where known) has also been given (based on the London or Middlesex status as given by Plant (1993). The species list has been rearranged to follow the systematic list in ‘A checklist of the Lepidoptera of the British Isles’ by Agassiz, Beavan & Heckford (2013) (available here).

  1. (7.001) Degeer’s Longhorn Nemophora degeerella
    Regularly seen during the day, max 43 on 15 June 1996
  2. (16.020) Common Hawthorn Ermel Paraswammerdamia nebulella
    Trapped
  3. (28.009) White-shouldered House Moth Endrosis sarcitrella
    Trapped
  4. (28.010) Brown House Moth Hofmannophila pseudospretella
    Trapped
  5. (45.044) Common Plume Moth Emmelina monodactyla
    Trapped, also seen during the day
  6. (49.013) Large Fruit-tree Tortrix Archips podana
    Trapped
  7. (49.024) Chequered Fruit-tree Tortrix Pandemis corylana
    Trapped
  8. (49.059) Green Oak Tortrix Tortrix viridana
    Trapped
  9. (49.025) Currant Twist (Common Currant TortrixPandemis cerasana
    Trapped
  10. (49.156) Marbled Orchard Tortrix Hedya nubiferana
    Trapped
  11. (54.008) Six-spot Burnet Zygaena filipendulae
    Common around the reservoir during the day, eg 55 on 10 July 1999
  12. (54.009) Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet Zygaena lonicerae
    Common, eg 250 on North Bank on 5 July 1998
  13. (62.077) Rosy Tabby Endotricha flammealis
    Trapped
  14. (63.018) Spotted Magpie Anania coronata (Eurrhypara coronata)
    Trapped
  15. (63.025) Small Magpie Anania hortulata
    Trapped
  16. (63.028) European Corn-Borer Ostrinia nubilalis
    Trapped
  17. (63.038) Mother of Pearl Pleuroptya ruralis
    Trapped, also regularly seen during the day in Eastern Marsh
  18. (63.052) Rush Veneer Nomophila noctuella
    Trapped
  19. (63.057) Garden Pebble Evergestis forficalis
    Trapped
  20. (63.088) Yellow Satin Grass-veneer Crambus perlella
    Trapped
  21. (63.089) Common Grass-veneer Crambus praefectellus
    Trapped
  22. (63.114) Brown China-mark Elophila nymphaeta
    Trapped
  23. (63.116) Small China-mark Cataclysta lemnata
    Trapped
  24. (65.001) Scalloped Hook-tip Falcaria lacertinaria
    Trapped, uncommon in urban Middlesex
  25. (65.002) Oak Hook-tip Watsonalla binaria
    Trapped, common
  26. (65.010) Figure of Eighty Tethea ocilaris
    Trapped, widespread in London
  27. (66.001) December Moth Poecilocampa populi
    Trapped, uncommon in urban Middlesex
  28. (66.005) Small Eggar Eriogaster lanestris
    (LNHS) Now extinct in London
  29. (68.001) Emperor Moth Saturnia pavonia
    Trapped, local
  30. (69.001) Lime Hawk-Moth Mimas tiliae
    Trapped, very common
  31. (69.002) Eyed Hawk-Moth Smerinthus ocellata
    Trapped, common
  32. (69.003) Poplar Hawk-Moth Laothoe populi
    Trapped, also seen during day, common
  33. (69.007) Pine Hawk-Moth Sphinx pinastri
    Trapped on 5 July 1998 and 6 July 1999, a rare migrant to Middlesex
  34. (69.010) Hummingbird Hawk-Moth Macroglossum stellatarum
    One record, on 13 June 2012
  35. (69.016) Elephant Hawk-Moth Deilephila elpenor
    Trapped, very common
  36. (70.003) Blair’s Mocha Cyclophora puppillaria
    (LNHS) One at Kingsbury on 12 October 1959, a rare migrant in London
  37. (70.004) Least Carpet Idaea rusticata
    Trapped, local
  38. (70.006) Dwarf Cream Wave Idaea fuscovenosa
    Trapped, local
  39. (70.013) Small Fan-footed Wave Idaea biselata
    Trapped, common
  40. (70.016) Riband Wave Idaea aversata
    Trapped, very common
  41. (70.023) Mullein Wave Scopula marginepunctata
    Trapped, local
  42. (70.029) Blood-vein Timandra comae
    Trapped, common
  43. (70.036) Maiden’s Blush Cyclophora punctaria
    Trapped, local
  44. (70.045) Shaded Broad-bar Scotopteryx chenopodiata
    Trapped, also seen during day, common
  45. (70.049) Garden Carpet Xanthorhoe fluctuata
    Trapped, very common
  46. (70.059) Yellow Shell Camptogramma bilineata
    Seen during the day, very common
  47. (70.061) Common Carpet Epirrhoe alternata
    Trapped, very common
  48. (70.079) Spruce Carpet Thera britannica
    Trapped, very local in Middlesex
  49. (70.084) Blue-bordered Carpet Plemyria rubiginata
    Trapped, local
  50. (70.085) Barred Yellow Cidaria fulvata
    Trapped, local
  51. (70.086) Broken-barred Carpet Electrophaes corylata
    Trapped, common
  52. (70.092) The Spinach Eulithis mellinata
    Trapped, common
  53. (70.095) Red-green Carpet Chloroclysta siterata
    Seen during the day in Eastern Marsh, the second Middlesex record
  54. (70.097) Common Marbled Carpet Dysstroma truncata
    Trapped, very common
  55. (70.098) Dark Marbled Carpet Dysstroma citrata
    Trapped, common
  56. (70.106) Winter Moth Operophtera brumata
    Attracted to house lights, very common
  57. (70.130) Chimney Sweeper Odezia atrata
    Seen during day on North Bank, max c20 on 14 June 1992, extremely local
  58. (70.133) Small Rivulet Perizoma alchemillata
    Trapped, common
  59. (70.141) Double-striped Pug Gymnoscelis rufifasciata
    Trapped, very common
  60. (70.150) Toadflax Pug Eupithecia linariata
    Trapped, common
  61. (70.156) Brindled Pug Eupithecia abbreviata
    Trapped, common
  62. (70.173) Lime-speck Pug Eupithecia centaureata
    Trapped, very common
  63. (70.179) Wormwood Pug Eupithecia absinthiata
    Trapped, common
  64. (70.182) Currant Pug Eupithecia assimilata
    Trapped, common
  65. (70.187) Tawny Speckled Pug Eupithecia icterata
    Trapped, common
  66. (70.192) Treble-bar Aplocera plagiata
    Trapped, also seen during the day, local
  67. (70.200) Yellow-barred Brindle Acasis viretata
    Trapped, local
  68. (70.207) Clouded Border Lomaspilis marginata
    Seen in Eastern Marsh, max three on 21 June 1998, common
  69. (70.208) Scorched Carpet Ligdia adustata
    Trapped, local especially in urban areas
  70. (70.226) Brimstone Moth Opisthograptis luteolata
    Trapped, also seen during the day, very common
  71. (70.227) Bordered Beauty Epione repandaria
    Seen in Eastern Marsh, very local especially in urban areas
  72. (70.234) Canary-shouldered Thorn Ennomos alniaria
    Trapped, common
  73. (70.235)  Dusky Thorn Ennomos fuscantaria
    Trapped, very common
  74. (70.237) Early Thorn Selenia dentaria
    Trapped, common
  75. (70.239) Purple Thorn Selenia tetralunaria
    Trapped, common
  76. (70.241) Scalloped Oak Crocallis elinguaria
    Trapped, very common
  77. (70.243) Swallow-tailed Moth Ourapteryx sambucaria
    Trapped, very common
  78. (70.244) Feathered Thorn Colotois pennaria
    Trapped, common
  79. (70.245) March Moth Isophila aescularia
    (LNHS) Common
  80. (70.251) Oak Beauty Biston strataria
    Trapped, common
  81. (70.252) Peppered Moth Biston betularia
    Trapped, very common
  82. (70.255) Dotted Border Agriopis marginaria
    Trapped, common
  83. (70.258) Willow Beauty Peribatodes rhomboidaria
    Trapped, very common
  84. (70.277) Common White Wave Cabera pusaria
    Trapped, also regularly seen in Eastern Marsh, common
  85. (70.278) Common Wave Cabera exanthemata
    Trapped, also regularly seen in Eastern Marsh, common
  86. (70.280) Clouded Silver Lomographa temerata
    Trapped, common
  87. (70.283) Light Emerald Campaea margaritaria
    Trapped, common
  88. (70.300) Blotched Emerald Comibaena bajularia
    Trapped, local
  89. (70.305) Common Emerald Hemithea aestivaria
    Trapped, common
  90. (71.007) Poplar Kitten Furcula bifida
    Trapped, local
  91. (71.011) Lunar Marbled Brown Drymonia ruficornis
    Trapped, common
  92. (71.017) Swallow Prominent Pheosia tremula
    Trapped, common
  93. (71.020) Pale Prominent Pterostoma palpina
    Trapped, common
  94. (71.025) Buff-tip Phalera bucephala
    Trapped, very common
  95. (72.001) The Herald Scoliopteryx libatrix
    Trapped, very common
  96. (72.003) The Snout Hypena proboscidalis
    Trapped, regularly seen in Eastern Marsh, very common
  97. (72.009) White Satin Moth Leucoma salicis
    Trapped, local
  98. (72.012) Brown-tail Euproctis chrysorrhoea
    Trapped, common
  99. (72.017) The Vapourer Orgyia antiqua
    Trapped, common
  100. (72.019) Buff Ermine Spilosoma lutea
    Trapped, very common
  101. (72.020) White Ermine Spilosoma lubricipeda
    Trapped, very common
  102. (72.022) Muslin Moth Diaphora mendica
    Seen during day in Eastern Marsh, widespread but local
  103. (72.024) Ruby Tiger Phragmatobia fuliginosa
    Trapped, very common
  104. (72.030) Jersey Tiger Euplagia quadripunctaria
    First recorded on 8 August 2015
  105. (72.031) The Cinnabar Tyria jacobaeae
    Trapped, also regularly seen during the day, very common
  106. (72.045) Common Footman Eilema lurideola
    Trapped, common
  107. (72.055) Small Fan-foot Herminia grisealis
    Trapped, common
  108. (72.078) Red Underwing Catocala nupta
    Trapped, also seen roosting during the day, very common
  109. (72.083) Burnet Companion Euclidia glyphica
    Regularly seen during the day, max 17 on 19 July 1999, local
  110. (72.084) Mother Shipton Euclidia mi
    One record, on 24 May 2010
  111. (73.001) The Spectacle Abrostola tripartita
    Trapped, very common
  112. (73.012) Burnished Brass Diachrysia chrysitis
    Trapped, very common
  113. (73.014) Golden Plusia Polychrysia moneta
    Trapped, local
  114. (73.015) Silver Y Autographa gamma
    Trapped, abundant immigrant and partial resident
  115. (73.016) Beautiful Golden Y Autographa pulchrina
    Seen during the day, common
  116. (73.036) Alder Moth Acronicta alni
    (LNHS) Very rare in Middlesex
  117. (73.038) Grey Dagger Acronicta psi (identity not confirmed by dissection)
    Trapped, common
  118. (73.039) The Sycamore Acronicta aceris
    Trapped, very common
  119. (73.045) Knot Grass Acronicta rumicis
    Trapped, very common
  120. (73.046) Poplar Grey Subacronicta megacephala
    Trapped, very common
  121. (73.050) The Wormwood Cucullia absinthii
    Trapped, very local
  122. (73.062) Copper Underwing Amphipyra pyramidea
    Trapped, very common
  123. (73.069) Early Grey Xylocampa areola
    Trapped, very common
  124. (73.084) Marbled Beauty Bryophila domestica
    Trapped, very common
  125. (73.087) Small Mottled Willow Spodoptera exigua
    (LNHS) A rare immigrant, recorded in Kingsbury in 1962
  126. (73.095) Pale Mottled Willow Caradrina clavipalpis
    Trapped, very common
  127. (73.096) The Uncertain Hoplodrina octogenaria
    Trapped, very common
  128. (73.097) The Rustic Hoplodrina blanda
    Trapped, local
  129. (73.099) Vine’s Rustic Hoplodrina ambigua
    Trapped, very common
  130. (73.105) Bird’s Wing Dypterygia scabriuscula
    Trapped, local
  131. (73.107) Old Lady Mormo maura
    Trapped, also seen during the day, very common
  132. (73.113) Angle Shades Phlogophora meticulosa
    Trapped, very common
  133. (73.119) The Crescent Helotropha leucostigma
    Trapped, very local especially in urban London
  134. (73.131) Flounced Rustic Luperina testacea
    Trapped, very common
  135. (73.136) Bulrush Wainscot Nonagria typhae
    Trapped, local especially in urban London
  136. (73.151) Webb’s Wainscot Globia sparganii
    Trapped, very local in London, first record for Middlesex
  137. (73.159) Small Clouded Brindle Apamea unanimis
    Trapped, very local
  138. (73.162) Dark Arches Apamea monoglypha
    Trapped, very common
  139. (73.168) Double Lobed Lateroligia ophiogramma
    Trapped, local
  140. (73.169/170) Common Rustic Mesapamea secalis/Lesser Common Rustic M didyma
    Trapped (specific identity not known)
  141. (73.172) Cloaked Minor Mesoligia furuncula
    Trapped, very common
  142. (73.173) Marbled Minor Oligia strigilis (identity not confirmed by dissection)
    Trapped, very common
  143. (73.174) Tawny Marbled Minor Oligia latruncula (identity not confirmed by dissection)
    Trapped, very common
  144. (73.176) Middle-barred Minor Oligia fasciuncula
    Trapped, very common
  145. (73.182) The Sallow Cirrhia icteritia
    Trapped, common
  146. (73.183) Dusky-lemon Sallow Cirrhia gilvago
    Trapped, very local
  147. (73.189) Red-line Quaker Agrochola lota
    Trapped, common
  148. (73.190) Yellow-line Quaker Agrochola macilenta
    Trapped, common
  149. (73.193) Lunar Underwing Omphaloscelis lunosa
    Trapped, common
  150. (73.194) The Chestnut Conistra vaccine
    Trapped, common
  151. (73.206) Blair’s Shoulder-knot Lithophane leautieri
    Trapped, common
  152. (73.210) The Satellite Eupsilia transversa
    Trapped, common
  153. (73.213) The Olive Ipimorpha subtusa
    Trapped, very local
  154. (73.216) The Dun-bar Cosmia trapezina
    Trapped, very common
  155. (73.219) Centre-barred Sallow Atethmia centrago
    Trapped, local
  156. (73.231) Deep-brown Dart Aporophyla lutulenta
    Trapped, local
  157. (73.233) Black Rustic Aporophyla nigra
    Trapped, local but spreading
  158. (73.237) Large Ranunculus Polymixis flavicincta
    Trapped, very rare in Middlesex
  159. (73.242) Clouded Drab Orthosia incerta
    Trapped, very common
  160. (73.244) Common Quaker Orthosia cerasi
    Trapped, very common
  161. (73.245) Small Quaker Orthosia cruda
    Trapped, common
  162. (73.247) Powdered Quaker Orthosia gracilis
    Trapped, common
  163. (73.249) Hebrew Character Orthosia gothica
    Trapped, very common
  164. (73.255) The Nutmeg Anarta trifoliate
    Trapped, very common
  165. (73.267) Bright-line Brown-eye Lacanobia oleracea
    Trapped, very common
  166. (73.270) Dot Moth Melanchra persicariae
    (LNHS) Very common
  167. (73.273) The Shears Hada plebeja
    Trapped, local
  168. (73.274) Cabbage Moth Mamestra brassicae
    Trapped, very common
  169. (73.281) The Lychnis Hadena bicruris
    Trapped, local
  170. (73.291) Common Wainscot Mythimna pallens
    Trapped, very common
  171. (73.293) Smoky Wainscot Mythimna impura
    Trapped, very common
  172. (73.298) The Clay Mythimna ferrago
    Trapped, very common
  173. (73.301) Shoulder-striped Wainscot Leucania comma
    Trapped, common
  174. (73.317) Heart and Dart Agrotis exclamationis
    Trapped, very common, the most numerous moth trapped at Brent
  175. (73.319) Turnip Moth Agrotis segetum
    Trapped, very common
  176. (73.320) Heart and Club Agrotis clavis
    Trapped, local, especially in North London
  177. (73.325) Shuttle-shaped Dart Agrotis puta
    Trapped, very common
  178. (73.327) Dark Sword-grass Agrotis ipsilon
    Trapped, regular immigrant
  179. (73.328) The Flame Axylia putris
    Trapped, very common
  180. (73.329) Flame Shoulder Ochropleura plecta
    Trapped, very common
  181. (73.333) Ingrailed Clay Diarsia mendica
    Trapped, common
  182. (73.334) Small Square-spot Diarsia rubi
    Trapped, very common
  183. (73.342) Large Yellow Underwing Noctua pronuba
    Trapped, very common
  184. (73.343) Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing Noctua fimbriata
    Trapped, very common
  185. (73.345) Lesser Yellow Underwing Noctua comes
    Trapped, very common
  186. (73.348) Lesser Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing Noctua janthe
    Trapped, very common
  187. (73.357) Square-spot Rustic Xestia xanthographa
    Trapped, very common
  188. (73.358) Six-striped Rustic Xestia sexstrigata
    Trapped, local
  189. (73.359) Setaceous Hebrew Character Xestia c-nigrum
    Trapped, very common
  190. (73.361) Double Square-spot Xestia triangulum
    Trapped, common
  191. (73.365) Autumnal Rustic Eugnorisma glareosa
    Trapped, local especially in North London

References
Agassiz D.J.L., Beavan  S.D., Heckford R.J. (2013) A Checklist of the Lepidoptera of the British Isles. London: Royal Entomological Society.
Plant C.W. (1993) Larger Moths of the London Area. London: London Natural History Society.
Self A. (2002) “Moths”, in Birds of Brent Reservoir: The Natural History of the Welsh Harp (eds L. Batten, R. Beddard, J. Colmans, A. Self). London: Welsh Harp Conservation Group.

© Welsh Harp Conservation Group 2017